United States Information on Human Trafficking:
In the United States, the Trafficking Victims Violence Prevention Act of 2000 (TVPA) defined and classified human trafficking into two main categories: sex trafficking and labor trafficking.
- Sex trafficking involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is under the age of eighteen years old. (Source: http://www.humantrafficking.neu.edu/background/).
Some additional sources to help you get involved. Please check them out before you do involve yourself. I do not guarantee these sites are all legitimate. If you do not find one in your area, maybe you can start one!
- http://lifetoday.org/ (look under “Outreaches”, then “Mission: RESCUELIFE”)
- www.lirs.org Do a search under “child trafficking.”
Downloadable Resources from IPJC
- Human Trafficking Awareness Day 2011
- Human Trafficking Awareness Day 2010
- Prayer to End Human Trafficking
New: Junior High Webinar on Human Trafficking – contact IPJC to schedule a webinar for your 7th or 8th grade classroom
- 2010 Justice Journal Issue on Human Trafficking
- 2003 Justice Journal Issue on Human Trafficking
- Catholic Social Teaching on Human Trafficking
- Commitment to End Human Trafficking Form
- Continuum of Action on Human Trafficking
- Creative Ideas to End Human Trafficking
- Human Trafficking Facts and Resources
- Identifying & Interacting with Human Trafficking Victims
- Junior High/High School Human Trafficking Presentation (PowerPoint & Script) – contact IPJC
- Parish/Church Human Trafficking Presentation (PowerPoint & Script) – contact IPJC
Resources in Spanish/ Recursos en Español
- Enseñanza Católica Social sobre el Tráfico Humano
- Tráfico Humano: Continuum de Acción
- Recursos y datos relacionados con la Trata de Personas
- Identificando e Interactuando con Víctimas de Trata de Personas
- IPJC tracks pending federal human trafficking legislation. Use our online legislative action center to send an email to your members of Congress in support of legislation to protect victims, prosecute traffickers, and stop the demand for human trafficking
- Polaris Project also tracks pending legislation in all 50 states.
“It is good for people to realize that purchasing is always a moral — and not simply economic — act. Hence the consumer has a specific social responsibility …” ~ Pope Benedict XVI, Caritas in Veritate (2009)
- Write to Chocolate Manufacturers
Watch a short video about child labor and slavery in the chocolate industry. Then write a letter to chocolate manufacturers asking them to live up to their commitment to help the children on cocoa plantations in West Africa and stop using child and exploited labor.
- Chain Store Reaction
Send an automatic electronic message to the producers of your favorite products and retailers. Ask them to promise to investigate slavery in their product chains and to clean it up where they find it.
- ProductsofSlavery.orgSee which products you buy might have been made by forced and child labor. Interactive website by Anti-Slavery International that graphically presents products made by forced and child labor globally.
- Conflict-Free Electronics
Send a message to electronics manufacturers. Tell then,“If you take conflict out of your cell phone, I will buy it.”
- Corporate Responsibility – Northwest Coalition for Responsible Investment
The Northwest Coalition for Responsible Investment, a program of IPJC, works to move corporations in a systemic and systematic way to improve wages and working conditions within all elements of the global supply chain.
- Human Trafficking Awareness Day
Resources to mark National Human Trafficking Awareness Day on January 11th.
- Monthly Human Trafficking Silent Vigil
Join our monthly prayer vigil at Westlake Park in downtown Seattle and other locations on the 1st Sunday of the month at 1:30 pm. Contact IPJC at 206.223.1138 or via e-mail for a “tool kit” (complete with signs and outreach suggestions) to start a monthly vigil in your own community.
- Public Awareness Campaign
IPJC worked with women religious in the Seattle and Tacoma areas to launch an awareness campaign on city buses. For information about starting a bus ad campaign in your local community, contact IPJC for a tool kit.
Books (Available on-loan from IPJC)
A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern-Day Slavery
Skinner, Benjamin E. (2009) $16 This book opens your eyes to the mechanics and politics of the oft-ignored plight of millions around the world.
A Future Not a Past: Toolkit and Action Guide to Stop the Prostitution of Our Nation’s Children. (2010). Instructional toolkit which outlines a clear, tangible strategy modeled after A Future Not a Past in Atlanta, Georgia.
Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy. Bales, Kevin. (1999) $14 Written with clearness and imagination, yet thoroughly scientific and researched. Follows sociological procedures with primary research which makes the arguments irrefutable.
Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy. Erenreich, Barbara and Russell, Arlie Hochschild, eds. (2003) $16 Fifteen essays concerning the importation of women workers in first world countries which leads to deficits in service in the Third World.
Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade and How We Can Fight it. Bastone, David. (2007) $15 In poignant interviews Batstone reveals the miserable reality of the invisible people who care for the rest of us every day. Modern slaves cook, clean, sew and build our world and in return we turn a blind eye to their situation or even their existence.
The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today. Bales, Kevin and Ron Soodalter. (2009) $16 Meticulously researched (over 30 pages of appendices and notes) and compelling, it documents not only the problem but a well thought out plan of action for government, law enforcement and NGOs and us.
Born Into Brothels: Calcutta’s Red Light Kids
This documentary explores the lives of the sons and daughters of prostitutes in Calcutta, India. Winner of the 2005 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. 83 minutes, $20 from www.kids-with-cameras.org
Buyer Be Fair
A look into consumer responsibility and the promise of Fair Trade. 57 minutes. Bullfrog Films. $29.95. 2006
The Crime of Human Trafficking
30 minute “Roll Call” training video for law enforcement. Video and accompanying guidebook are available free of charge from the International Association of Chiefs of Police.
Daughters and Sons: Preventing Child Trafficking in the Golden Triangle
A 25 minute documentary about the efforts of human rights activist, Sompop Jantraka, to combat the spreading plague of child sex slavery. Released in 2005. $79.
The Day My God Died
A 70 minute documentary about young girls whose lives have been shattered by the child sex trade in Nepal and India. $30 from Andrew Levine Productions. 2002.
A documentary featuring investigative footage of the dark and hidden world of sex traffickers, pimps and buyers. 46 and 16 minute versions. 16 minute condensed version does not contain graphic material and is ideal for churches, schools and youth. Available on a DVD with Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking training video at no cost from Shared Hope International.
Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking
A 40 minute training video for law enforcement, social services, nongovernmental organizations, and juvenile justice. Divided into four segments, this video covers a range of topics related to domestic minor sex trafficking such as the application of federal law, the role of vulnerability, pimp control, and effective responses. Includes interviews and real life stories of survivors. Available on a DVD with DEMAND documentary at no cost from Shared Hope International.
Dreams Die Hard: Survivors of Slavery in America Tell Their Stories
A 36-minute documentary profiling several people trapped in different kinds of human slavery across the United States. $10 from Free the Slaves. A study guide is available from Free the Slaves. 2005
Fields of Mudan
A young Asian girl forced into modern-day child slavery, dreams of a better life with her mother in America. 23 minutes. Available from Florida State University. $10. 2004
Freedom & Beyond
A story of hope and promise that begins with voices of boys recently freed from slavery in northern India. They tell stories that are hard to hear. A free study guide and discussion notes are available from Free the Slaves. 24 minutes, 2006. $10 for DVD from Free the Slaves.
A gritty drama exposes the ugly world of human trafficking. Donald Sutherland and Mira Sorvino received Golden Globe Nominations for their performances in this 2005 Lifetime television mini-series, 180 minutes. $6.99 from Amazon.com
I Just Keep Quiet: Voices of Human Trafficking
Produced by the Refugee Women’s Alliance (ReWA) and the Seattle Police Department. 20 minutes, 2006. DVD Available for $20 by calling ReWA: (206) 721-8448.
Lives for Sale
A joint production between Maryknoll, Lightfoot Films, Inc. and PBS. 60 minutes. $19.95 from Orbis Books. 2006
Look Beneath the Surface: Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking in the US
As part of the Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking awareness campaign, the US Dept. of Health & Human Services produced this informational video on how to identify and assist victims of human trafficking. Includes public service announcements. 13 minutes. Order free information, posters and the DVD.
Not for Sale
Based on the book Not For Sale by David Batstone, this documentary covers what modern-day abolitionists are doing to fight the rampant terrors of human trafficking in the US and abroad. $25. 2007
The Silent Revolution
A story of people held in slavery in the stone quarries of northern India and how they win the right to run their own quarry and start a new village. Free accompanying study guide from Free the Slaves. 18 minutes. $10 from Free the Slaves. 2005
Sisters and Daughters Betrayed
A stunning video about the realities of sex trafficking and forced prostitution by independent video producer Chela Blitt. (IPJC has VHS only) 28 minutes. $25 from the Global Fund for Women.
Slave Girls of India
A journey to India, the country with the world’s largest population of child laborers. It is the first installment of a documentary series on the Oxygen television network. Released in June 2007 (IPJC has VHS only) 60 minutes. $19.95 from National Geographic.
We Were Free: Stories from Modern-Day Slaves
This short film is a great introduction to the reality of slavery, sex trafficking. An International Justice Mission (IJM) production.13 minutes. $10. 2008
Breaking the Snares: A Resource Packet for Parishes, Sisters of the Divine Savior, 2009.
Eradicating Human Trafficking, Joint Statement of Illinois Catholic Bishops and Leadership Conference of Women Religious of Illinois, 2010.
Human Trafficking of Children in the United States, a Fact Sheet for Schools. U.S. Department of Education.
List of Goods Produced by Child Labor, US Department of Labor, 2009.
On Human Trafficking. U.S. Bishops Conference Statement.
Pastoral Letter on Human Trafficking, Archdiocese of Vancouver, Canada, 2009.
Stop the Demand Resource Folder, includes background information, prayer materials, Power-Point presentations, and other materials. Materials are now available for download online from Unanima International.
Trafficking Persons-USAID’s Response. U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Women in Development
Traveling Sales Crews-What We Know So Far. Parent Watch/Free-A-Child/Polaris Project
“Human Trafficking in Washington State,” a 4-part series produced by KUOW radio, March 2010.
Other Print Materials
JPIC Commission of the Unions of Superiors General USG/USIG. Trafficking in Women and Children: Information and Worship Kit. Rome, 2003. Phone: 06-66-22-929. Email: email@example.com
International Convention of the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990
The A21 Campaign stands for abolishing injustice in the 21st century. Visit the website for a list of 21 suggestions about what you can do to end abolish human trafficking.
Alliance to Stop Slavery and End Trafficking (ASSET)
Coalition of ngos dedicated to the eradication of slavery through amplifying the victims voice and supporting systemic solutions.
The world’s oldest international human rights organization specifically focused on ending systems of slavery. Link to Trafficking News, a monthly update on trafficking issues around the world.
Blue Heart Campaign Against Human Trafficking
An online project of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Add the Blue Heart logo to your website or social networking profile to help raise awareness about human trafficking.
Break the Traffic
Break the Traffic is an opportunity for people to voice their opposition to human trafficking. This online petition is a creative way to express solidarity with those who have been trafficked and to signal globally that human trafficking should not be accepted today.
A public awareness campaign by the International Organization for Migration that explores the role of consumer demand in labor trafficking.
Catholic Relief Services
As the official international relief and development agency of the U.S. Catholic community, CRS is also committed to educating the people of the United States to fulfill their moral responsibilities toward our global brothers and sisters by helping the poor, working to remove the causes of poverty, and promoting social justice. This webpage on human trafficking includes education, Catholic Social Teaching and resources and actions.
Chain Store Reaction
This website allows you to send an automatic electronic message to the producers of your favorite products, asking them to promise to investigate slavery in their product chains and to clean it up where they find it.
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
A coalition focused on the promotion of human rights while working internationally to combat sexual exploitation in all forms. Extensive resource library with links to publications and other advocacy organizations.
Coalition of Immokolee Workers
The CIW’s Anti-Slavery Campaign is a worker-based approach to eliminating modern-day slavery in the agricultural industry.
The Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking
A coalition working to persons affected by human trafficking and forced labor.
Code of Contact for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism
An industry driven responsible tourism initiative in collaboration with ECPAT International, funded by UNICEF and supported by the UNWTO.
The Defenders USA
Coalition of men that are opposed to all forms of commercialized sex. The Defenders USA has initiated several movements in an effort to combat the commercial sex industry such as their video contests and Truck-Stop campaign.
Don’t Trade Lives
World Vision’s campaign to unite Australians against human trafficking and slavery. Human trafficking is a modern day slave trade. Includes video about asking “Big Chocolate” to honor their agreement to take slavery out of the chocolate industry.
The Emancipation Network (TEN)
A pathway of empowerment and hope in the fight to end human trafficking. They offer a way to become involved in fighting trafficking, helping survivors, and educating others about this human rights crisis. TEN combines public outreach and education programs about human trafficking with income generating programs for survivors and high risk girls. TEN imports and sells beautiful handicraft products made by survivors of human trafficking, and persons at high risk of being trafficked. These products can be purchased from their website.
ECPAT International (End Child Pornography and Trafficking)
A network of organizations and individuals working together to eliminate the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Resource database with links to publications, news and other organizations.
Free the Slaves
A non-profit organization working to end slavery worldwide. Download a free curriculum focused on teaching children about slavery. Great resource for videos on human slavery, including free online video previews.
Freedom Network to Empower Trafficked and Enslaved Persons
U.S. based advocacy organization advocating for trafficking victims’ rights.
The Future Group
A Canadian-based non-governmental organization dedicated to combating human trafficking and the child sex trade.
GEMS: Girls Educational & Mentoring Services
Empowers young women, ages 10-12, who have experienced commercial sexual exploitation and domestic trafficking to exit the commercial sex industry and develop to their full potential.
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW)
An Alliance of more than 90 non-governmental organizations from all regions of the world. They are based in Bangkok, Thailand.
To break the cycle of poverty, HAGAR intervenes in the lives of vulnerable mothers and children by offering prevention, rehabilitation, and reintegration programs. Their services and programs are located in Cambodia, Singapore and Australia.
Human Rights Watch
An international nongovernmental organization working to uphold human rights around the world. Many excellent publications focused on women’s and children’s rights.
Human Trafficking Search
Sponsored by the National MultiCultural Institute it has maps, video clips and topic/location-based searches related to human trafficking.
The Initiative Against Sexual Trafficking
A partnership, led by the Salvation Army, working to abolish the sexual trafficking of women and children. Useful fact sheet on sex trafficking.
International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children
A global agency, founded in 1998, the Centre promotes the safety and well-being of children through activism, policy development and multinational coordination. The ICMEC programs and initiatives are uniting the world and providing international solutions to the problems of child abduction and exploitation.
International Justice Mission
A human rights agency which rescues victims of violence, sexual exploitation, slavery, and oppression. Based in Washington DC, they provide legal and human services in the areas of: victim relief, perpetrator accountability, structural prevention, victim aftercare.
The International Rescue Committee
A global relief and development organization with an anti-trafficking imitative. Provides workshops on human trafficking, contact your local office for more information.
Through prevention and aftercare services, Love 146 works to combat child sex slavery and exploitation.
Teens fighting the global sex trade of children.
MTV’s campaign to End Exploitation and Trafficking.
National Human Trafficking Resource Center
National, toll-free hotline, available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. NHTRC also operates as a national clearinghouse for questions, resources, information, training materials and best practices for those already working in the field and those who wish to get more involved.
Not For Sale
A campaign of individuals, musicians, artists, people of faith, schools, businesses and sports teams united to stop it. They provide a free online magazine that connects people that are doing something to human trafficking and slavery.
A clearinghouse for information on traveling sales crews
Polaris Project is a leading international organization combating human trafficking and modern-day slavery. Based in the U.S. and Japan, they bring together community members, survivors, and professionals to fight trafficking and slavery in the spirit of a modern-day underground railroad. Polaris Project uses a comprehensive strategy: empowering individual survivors of trafficking while also creating long-term social change.
Polaris Project Legislative Updates on Human Trafficking
Interactive website by Anti-Slavery International that graphically presents products made by forced and child labor globally.
The Protection Project
A human rights research institute focused on promoting human rights. Extensive information on human trafficking in the U.S.
Shared Hope International
A U.S.-based non-profit supporting locally-led efforts around the world to assist victims of sex trafficking. A very thorough website including a history of trafficking, personal stories and f.a.q.s.
Slavery Map exists to record and display instances of human trafficking across the globe.
Stop Child Trafficking Now
Addresses the demand side of child sex trafficking by targeting buyers/predators for prosecution and conviction.
Third-party certifier of Fair Trade products in the United States. Audits transactions between US companies offering Fair Trade Certified™ products and the international suppliers to guarantee that the farmers and farm workers behind Fair Trade Certified goods were paid a fair, above-market price.
A coalition of religious communities advocating for human rights at the U.N. Updates on UN events and downloadable information on human trafficking. Downloadable “Stop the Demand” materials.
US Bishops Conference Human Trafficking Program
A Program of the Migrant & Refugee Services Department. Provides resources for education, advocacy and direct services to human trafficking survivors.
An international organization focused on raising awareness of women’s human rights, including trafficking. Anti-trafficking advocacy toolkit can be downloaded from website.
Viva—Together for Children
A Christian organization helping to develop and facilitate outcome driven collaborations that assist sexually exploited children.
A US based, NGO, world vision works against child exploitation, including child sex tourism, child soldiers, and child labor.
International Labour Organization
A specialized branch of the UN focused on promoting internationally recognized human and labor rights.
International Office for Migration (IOM)
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to counter the trafficking in persons since 1994. In this time, the Organization has implemented almost 500 projects in 85 countries, and has provided assistance to approximately 15,000 trafficked persons. IOM’s primary aims are to prevent trafficking in persons, and to protect victims of the trade while offering them options of safe and sustainable reintegration and/or return to their home countries.
United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)
Works with all stakeholders – governments, business, academia, civil society and the media – to support each other’s work, create new partnerships and develop effective tools to fight human trafficking. Website knowledge hub with resources from around the globe.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
USCIS helps protect victims of human trafficking and other crimes by providing immigration relief. Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons, is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers lure individuals with false promises of employment and a better life.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration of Children and Families
Campaign to Rescue & Restore. Links to anti-trafficking campaign information, fact sheets and government press releases.
U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor Trafficking in Persons
At this site you can read the Department of State’s “Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2008: Trafficking in Persons Report.” This report is intended to raise global awareness, to highlight the growing efforts of the international community to combat human trafficking and to encourage foreign governments to take effective actions to counter all forms of trafficking in persons.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
ICE is committed to preventing the smuggling and trafficking of persons through initiatives, tools and resources that effectively impact organizations engaged in these practices.
Department of Justice Toll-free Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Complaint Line 1-888-428-7581
Asian and Pacific Islander Women and Family Safety Center
Organizes communities, educates, trains and provides technical assistance and comprehensive culturally relative services on human trafficking to the Asian and Pacific Islander community.
Catholic Charities of Oregon,Outreach and Support to Special Immigrant Populations
Catholic Charities provides intensive case management and legal services to survivors of human trafficking, to aid survivors in successfully navigating all aspects of the U.S. legal and social services system, with the ultimate goal of self-sufficiency and self-empowerment for the survivor.
Catholic Charities of Spokane, Refugee and Immigration Services
Catholic Charities Spokane is a network of agencies, institutions, parishes, and individuals, united in Gospel spirit, who are servants to the poor, supporters for families and aides to parishes and communities in meeting the social service needs of people in eastern Washington.
Catholic Immigration and Refugee Services of Western Washington
Assists refugees, immigrants and their families in attaining self-sufficiency through advocacy, education and employment.
Lutheran Community Services Northwest – Inland Northwest Office
Provides advocacy and support services for victims of sexual assault and other crime.
Oregonians Against Human Trafficking
Statewide campaign to encourage citizens to Take The Oath to help combat the growing scourge of human trafficking within the state of Oregon.
Refugee Women’s Alliance
Provides comprehensive services to refugee and immigrant women and families in the Puget Sound area.
Seattle Against Slavery
A coalition of activists, non-profit organizations (NGO) seeking to partner with government prosecuting offices and city agencies in the Greater Seattle area to work closely together so that the voice and efforts of our events and projects will be that much more successful.
A formerly trafficked couple started this Washington State based foundation to support survivors of human trafficking. They have established “Homes of Freedom”—recovery shelters specifically for women and children who have been exploited.
Washington Anti-Trafficking Response Network (WARN)
Coalition of Washington State organizations that provide assistance to pre-certified victims of trafficking.
Who Pays the Price? Assessment of Youth Involvement in Prostitution
2008 Report commissioned by City of Seattle